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Outils personnels

Sécurité humaine

Protection des collectivités et des individus contre les atteintes à leur intégrité physique, psychologique et morale, causées par la violence politique ou civile, la mal-gouvernance juridique, les risques sanitaires ou environnementaux, et/ou par la menace de telles atteintes.

En d'autres mots, la protection qui assure la vie, les moyens d'existence et la dignité, sans la crainte d'injustice, de violences politiques ou civiles, ou de dangers pour la santé humaine.

Mars 2016

Historic definition (UNDP Human Development Report, Dr. Mahbub Ul Haq, 1994)

Human protection against 7 threats of insecurity: economic, food, health, environmental, personal, community and political insecurity.

UN Commission on Human Security (Human Security Now Report, 2003)
Protection of "the vital core of all human lives in ways that enhance human freedoms and human fulfillment. Human security means protecting fundamental freedoms – freedoms that are the essence of life. It means protecting people from critical (severe) and pervasive (widespread) threats and situations. It means using processes that build on people’s strengths and aspirations. It means creating political, social, environmental, economic, military and cultural systems that together give people the building blocks of survival, livelihood and dignity."

"Human security is far more than the absence of violent conflict. It encompasses human rights, good governance and access to economic opportunity, education and health care. It is a concept that comprehensively addresses both "freedom from fear" and "freedom from want".

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